From Plants to Spiritual Symbols
Hollow and joined, evergreen at four seasons, bamboo is a very common plant in southern China. In an agricultural society closely linked to nature, the ancients introduced bamboo into their daily lives very early. From bamboo slips, bamboo music instrument, to bamboo chairs, bamboo mats, to bamboo buildings , bamboo materials can be seen everywhere.
Along with the literary tradition of using the natural scene to express emotion, bamboo has also become the object of literati gaze. "Looking at the Qi river bank, the green bamboo is splendid", the ancient "Book of Songs" uses green bamboo as a metaphor for a gentleman; the "seven sages in the bamboo grove" in the Wei and Jin Dynasties often gathered under the bamboo forest, wanton and hearty; while Zheng Xie, Ni Zan and other literati paint bamboo with ink has both form and spirit, and is unrestrained. The noble and straight bamboo has become a symbol of personality and spirit, symbolizing the spiritual outlook of the literati who have fallen off the mundane and have a high spirit. The connotation behind the image of bamboo is deeply embedded in the national subconscious. Bamboo enters people's life from mountains and forests, and from nature to spiritual existence.
"It is better to eat without meat than to live without bamboo", as an important aesthetic symbol and spiritual sustenance, bamboo often participates in the creation of space in various forms, whether it is the bamboo landscape planted in the front yard or the back of the eaves. Bamboo products are still put into paintings and words. In the construction of space, the participation of bamboo is used to achieve spiritual sublimation. People can also draw strength from nature and tradition to cultivate themselves.
The Sustainable Local Materials
“筑”，the Chinese character，With bamboo as the top, the connection between bamboo and architecture has long been demonstrated from the ancient character-making structure.
Unlike common trees, bamboo has a short growth cycle and has good flexibility and strength. It is often used as a natural, environmentally friendly and sustainable material to participate in the construction and decoration of buildings.
He Lou pavilion, located in Fangta Garden in Shanghai, is a modern space constructed by Mr. Feng Jizhong using traditional imagery. It adopts the curved ridge roof form of traditional houses from Jiaxing to Songjiang, covers the roof with straw, and builds the roof truss structure with bamboo, which blends with the surrounding bamboo scenery and is natural. Surrounded by mountains and rivers, the undulating eaves and plinths make nature and architecture form a "broad" interest, which not only reflects the "spirit of space" of modern architecture, but also highlights the ancient meaning of leisurely space in a cool and spacious room. There is nosimple and crude of this building.
Based on the presentation of traditional architectural temperament, in the construction of Chengdu Shuijingfang Site Museum, Liu Jiakun "corresponds" to traditional materials with contemporary materials. The bamboo material corresponds to the wooden board, the recycled brick corresponds to the blue brick, and the tile slate corresponds to the small green tile. The bamboo material not only participates in the construction of the outer wall and railings, but also translates the traditional nature of this building with the material.
加拿大设计师John Hardy 在印尼巴厘岛，创立了一座“在自然中成长”的“Green School”。整个建筑以编织、搭建的方式，将竹材构建成兼具生态性与耐久性的特色建筑，施工过程几乎全手工，顺应原本的自然地形来做地基与建筑构造调整。设计师将竹视为可持续建筑的未来，也坚持着对于永续及材料可能性的探寻。
Canadian designer John Hardy founded a "Green School" in Bali, Indonesia. The whole building is constructed of bamboo materials into a characteristic building with both ecology and durability. The construction process is almost entirely manual, and the foundation and building structure are adjusted according to the original natural terrain. The designer regards bamboo as the future of sustainable architecture, and insists on exploring the possibilities of sustainability and materials.
In recent years, many architects and designers at home and abroad have transformed bamboo, a plant that can be seen everywhere in the East, into a suitable architectural design material and used it in buildings, furniture and floors.
The Continuation of Bamboo in the Home and Space
Traditional bamboo floors are mostly single-body bamboo structures, which cannot meet the needs of stability due to the emergence of underfloor heating. How to solve the functional problem and make it more contemporary design has become the key.
Breaking through the traditional bamboo floor structure with single-body bamboo as the mainstream, Ugan concept combines bamboo and wood base material to develop a bamboo-wood composite floor, so that the material advantages of bamboo are better presented, and the stability of the floor is enhanced at the same time. Compared with the traditional single-body bamboo floor, the bamboo-wood composite floor can be larger in size and have higher design flexibility; at the same time, it can also be used for underfloor heating, making the home use experience more comfortable.
Through different processes，some bamboo floor of Ugan concept retain the texture of the bamboo knot, some weaken the existence of bamboo patterns, and some use special coloring processes to make bamboo jump out of the inherent color and present a layered color. so that the bamboo floor can be integrated into different spaces with different design style.
Outdoor anti-corrosion bamboo floor of Ugan concept has the characteristics of corrosion resistance, waterproof, insect moth resistance, and not easy to deform, which can well cope with the complexity of the outdoor environment. While being durable, it gives the floor bamboo a natural cool feel.
The systematic research of bamboo flooring products is an innovative use of bamboo as a sustainable material in addition to the development of wood floor of Ugan concept.When the bamboo floor is extended in the space, the cool touch and natural breath of bamboo will naturally get along with people. There is bamboo in the house, and there is something in the heart.
Pictures & Video｜Vincent Kuan
Research Support｜Rong Design Library
Writing Guide | Dr. Grey
Bamboo weaving craftsman | Lailai
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